The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States. The party's main counterpart is the Republican Party. The modern Democratic Party is considered the older of the nation's two major political parties. The party's principal governing organization is the Democratic National Committee (DNC), which is responsible for overseeing the process of writing and promoting the party platform every four years and providing national leadership surrounding the campaign, fundraising, political activity, and election strategy.[Source]
The party generally supports a left-leaning, liberal platform on the American political spectrum with an emphasis on the role of the federal government in promoting social and economic welfare.[Source][Source][Source]
Party members typically but do not always or uniformly favor the following policy positions. All positions are taken from the Democratic Party's 2016 platform:[Source]
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States. It is often referred to as the Grand Old Party or the GOP. The party's main counterpart is the Democratic Party. The Grand Old Party nickname, previously used by Southern Democrats, was applied to the Republican Party following the 1888 election cycle. At the time, Republicans had regained control of the presidency and Congress for the first time since the Grant administration. The Chicago Tribune proclaimed, "Let us be thankful that under the rule of the Grand Old Party ... these United States will resume the onward and upward march which the election of Grover Cleveland in 1884 partially arrested."[source]
The party's principal governing organization is the Republican National Committee (RNC), which is responsible for developing and promoting the Republican political platform, as well as coordinating fundraising and election strategy. It is also responsible for organizing and running the Republican National Convention every four years.
The modern GOP supports a conservative platform on the American political spectrum, with foundations in laissez-faire capitalism, low taxes, supply-side fiscal policies and social conservatism.[source][source][source][source][source]
Party members typically do not consistently or uniformly favor the following policy positions. All positions are taken from the Republican Party's 2016 platform:[source]
The Constitution Party is a political party. As of September 2019, it was a ballot-qualified party in 14 states. The Constitution Party is the fifth-largest political party in the United States. According to its website, the party supports "the principles of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States, and the Bill of Rights. Our goal is to limit the federal government to its delegated, enumerated, Constitutional functions."[source][source]
The Constitution Party was established as the U.S. Taxpayers' Party in 1992. The founders organized the party in response to a perceived shift away from "limited and empowered local government, and very broad and significant individual freedoms." The Federal Election Commission officially recognized the party in 1996. Delegates to the party's 1999 national convention changed the party's name to the Constitution Party.[source]
The Constitution Party platform is a written document that outlines the party's policy priorities and positions on domestic and foreign affairs. The platform also describes the party's core concepts and beliefs.[source]
Click here to view the full text of the 2020 Constitution Party platform.
The Democratic Socialists of America (DSA) is the largest socialist organization in the United States, claiming 46,000 members as of July 2018.[source] The DSA "fights for reforms today that will weaken the power of corporations and increase the power of working people."[source] The DSA was founded in 1982 by the unification of the Democratic Socialist Organizing Committee (DSOC), founded in 1973 by Michael Harrington, and the New American Movement, founded in 1971.[source]
The DSOC was formed after Harrington resigned as National Co-Chairman of the Socialist Party of America (SPA) Harrington advocated for immediate withdrawal from the Vietnam War, while the majority of the party, who became the Social Democrats USA (SDUSA), advocated U.S. presence as support for anti-communists and labor organizations in the country.[source] Harrington also criticized the SDUSA for what he called "obsessive anti-communism" and supported diplomatically dealing with the Soviet Union.[source]
The DSA made a "decision in late 2014 to make its number one priority the movement to support Bernie Sanders running for president" in the 2016 election, according to the DSA website and saw its membership increase from 6,500 to 8,500 by election day. In the eight months following the election, an additional 13,000 people joined the organization.[source]
The Green Party of the United States (Green Party) is a political party in the United States. According to its website, the Green Party is "an independent political party connected to American social movements, and is part of a global Green movement that shares key values, including our Four Pillars: Peace and Non-Violence, Ecological Wisdom, Grassroots Democracy, and Social Justice."
The Green Party platform is a written document that outlines the party's policy priorities and positions on domestic and foreign affairs. The platform also describes the party's core concepts and beliefs.
Click here to view the full text of the 2020 Green Party platform.
The Libertarian Party is the third-largest political party in the United States after the Democratic and Republican parties. According to the Libertarian Party's website, "Libertarians strongly oppose any government interference into their personal, family, and business decisions."[source]
The Libertarian Party platform is a written document that outlines the party's policy priorities and positions on domestic and foreign affairs. The platform also describes the party's core concepts and beliefs.[source]
Click here to view the full text of the 2020 Libertarian Party platform.
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The following sites are government and non-partisan and non-profit organizations that monitor and record legislator voting and campaign contributions.