Born in Chicago, Illinois, Clinton attended Maine East High School until being redistricted during her senior year to Maine South High School.[source] She earned a degree from Wellesley College before attaining a J.D. from Yale Law School. She met her future husband, Bill Clinton, at Yale.[source]
As a high schooler, Clinton was an active Republican, campaigning for Barry Goldwater in 1964. After her first year at Wellesley, she changed her views and became a Democrat.[source] She stayed politically active throughout college, working for Walter Mondale and George McGovern's presidential campaigns.[source]
Below is an abbreviated outline of Clinton's academic, professional, and political career:[source]
Hillary Clinton was the 2016 Democratic nominee for president of the United States. She conceded the race on November 9, 2016, to Donald Trump. She declared her candidacy on April 12, 2015, and officially received the nomination of the Democratic Party on July 26, 2016, at the Democratic National Convention.
Clinton had been on the national political stage since 1991 when her husband, then-Governor of Arkansas Bill Clinton (D), launched his presidential campaign, eventually defeating sitting President George H.W. Bush (R) in the general election in November 1992. Clinton was a politically active first lady focused on children's welfare and women's issues. During Bill Clinton's first term in the White House, Hillary Clinton spearheaded an effort to establish universal healthcare coverage in the U.S. She also advocated for the Children's Health Insurance Program and the Adoption and Safe Families Act.
In 2000, Clinton won the election to the U.S. Senate in New York, becoming the only first lady to win an elective office. She served on the Senate Armed Services Committee, worked to secure billions in emergency funds for New York in the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks, and backed a resolution to authorize military force in Iraq in 2002. Clinton won a second term in the Senate in 2006 by 36 percentage points.
Clinton launched her first presidential campaign on January 20, 2007. In the early months of the Democratic primary, she led then-Sens. Barack Obama (Ill.) and John Edwards (S.C.) in national polls, but was narrowly defeated by Obama after key losses in states like Iowa and North Carolina. In her concession speech on June 8, 2008, Clinton noted the historic nature of her performance, "Although we were not able to shatter that highest and hardest glass ceiling this time, thanks to you it has 18 million cracks in it."
A month after Obama won the general election, he announced that Clinton would serve in his cabinet as secretary of state. While acting as the nation's top diplomat from 2009 to 2013, Clinton used a private email server to conduct official state business, raising questions about her compliance with government regulations on record-keeping and security that followed her during her second presidential run.
Clinton formally received the Democratic Party's presidential nomination on July 26, 2016, after defeating U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) in a closely contested primary. In doing so, she became the first woman to be nominated for president by a major political party in the United States.
Clinton generally took a liberal position on social issues, supporting abortion rights, marriage equality, and the reclassification of marijuana from a Schedule I to Schedule II drug. She also supported immigration reform with a pathway to citizenship and President Obama’s executive orders on the DACA and DAPA programs. Clinton called for repealing gun industry liability protections, implementing comprehensive background checks, and closing the Charleston loophole. She diverted from the Democratic Party platform on capital punishment by supporting it in federal jurisdictions "for minimal purposes."
Clinton stated that she would increase taxes on the top 1 percent of earners—those earning more than $732,000 a year—while essentially leaving tax rates the same for taxpayers with smaller incomes. She also said that she would eliminate tax breaks for companies that send jobs overseas and reinvest revenue raised from changing the corporate tax code into projects that spur economic growth. Clinton supported reauthorizing the Export-Import Bank and Consumer Financial Protection Bureau action to end unfair practices on Wall Street. She said that she would permit large banks to fail if there were another financial crisis and would impose a risk fee on big banks that engage in risky behavior. She opposed the Trans-Pacific Partnership.
Clinton said she believed in "American exceptionalism" and advocated for the U.S. to be a leader in world affairs. She supported the Iran nuclear deal but took a “distrust and verify” approach to its enforcement. Clinton also supported a "360-degree strategy" to defeat ISIS that is focused on identifying the network of people who fund ISIS, cutting off online recruitment, creating stricter screenings for visa applicants who have traveled to a country in Islamic State-controlled areas in the last five years, reauthorizing the use of military force against ISIS, and working with Muslim-American communities to combat homegrown radicalization. Clinton said her “greatest regret” was her 2002 vote to authorize military force in Iraq.
From 2009 to 2013, Clinton served as secretary of state. She implemented the Obama administration's "pivot to Asia," which sought to refocus diplomatic attention on East Asia and the Pacific, and the "reset" of U.S.-Russian relations. She supported military intervention in Libya, resulting in the deposition of Moammar Gadhafi. In 2012, four Americans were killed in the country during a terrorist attack on the U.S. diplomatic mission in Benghazi, leading to a congressional investigation of how the State Department and other executive actors handled the attack.
Testimony of Hillary Rodham Clinton - Terrorist Attack in Benghazi: The Secretary of State's View: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, First Session
House of Representatives, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, second session, held in Washington, DC, September 17, 2014.
House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, second session
House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, second session, held in Washington, DC, 2012-2016.
House of Representatives, together with additional and minority views.
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Hillary Clinton as a witness:
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