Skip to Main Content

Government Information

This is a guide to government resources that are commonly used in research.

Supreme Court

About the Supreme Court

The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. The Justices of the Supreme Court are nominated by the president and must be approved by the Senate.

  • Nine members make up the Supreme Court—a Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices. There must be a minimum or quorum of six Justices to decide a case.
  • If there is an even number of Justices and a case results in a tie, the lower court's decision stands.
  • There is no fixed term for Justices. They serve until their death, retirement, or removal in exceptional circumstances.

From: The Branches of Government -

Supreme Court (Official Website) 

The United States Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight associate justices. At its discretion, and within certain guidelines established by Congress, the Supreme Court each year hears a limited number of the cases it is asked to decide. Those cases may begin in the federal or state courts, and they usually involve important questions about the Constitution or federal law.

Supreme Court Calendar     Docket Search     Court Rules     Opinions    Orders of the Court

Supreme Court Merit Briefs Online by American Bar Association 

Supreme Court & Government Publications

Logo for HeinOnline Database

HeinOnline is the world's largest fully searchable, image-based government document and legal research database. It contains comprehensive coverage from inception of both U.S. statutory materials, U.S. Congressional Documents and more than 2,600 scholarly journals, all of the world's constitutions, all U.S. treaties, collections of classic treatises and presidential documents, and access to the full text of state and federal case law powered by Fastcase.

Below are collections CSU students, faculty and friends have access to through HeinOnline. All contain mostly primary source information, published by the government. 

A screenshot of HeinOnline's browse by Database Name section.

HeinOnline - Suggested Collections

Categories to consider looking in the database for are: 

The Supreme Court Library History of Supreme Court Nominations
Screenshot of the HeinOnline U.S. Supreme Court Library A screenshot of the collection of the History of Supreme Court Nominations collections in HeinOnline

Federal Courts

The Structure of the Federal Courts System

Federal Court Locator

Federal Court Locator

Below is a map of all the district area for the federal court system. Each area of the country is part of a circuit. Georgia is the 11th Circuit of the federal court system. The link will take you to all of the circuit websites. It will also take you to a list of all of the district offices within each circuit and their websites. 



Appellate Courts

The Right to An Appeal

The modern appellate court system comes from The Evarts Act of 1891. The Evarts Act established the structure of the appellate courts -- one court of appeals in every circuit. Over time, Congress expanded the types of cases appellate courts could hear. Click on the video to learn more about the appellate system. 

United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit  (Georgia)

The 94 U.S. judicial districts are organized into 12 regional circuits, each of which has a United States court of appeals. A court of appeals hears appeals from the district courts located within its circuit, as well as appeals from decisions of federal administrative agencies.

In addition, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has nationwide jurisdiction to hear appeals in specialized cases, such as those involving patent laws and cases decided by the Court of International Trade and the Court of Federal Claims.

Rules/Addenda       Opinions       Forms/Documents